The endometrium is the tissue that lines the inside of the uterine cavity. Endometriosis is a disease state in which some of this tissue has spread elsewhere – such as to the ovaries, or elsewhere in the abdominal cavity.
Endometriosis causes pain in some women and can also cause infertility.
5-10% of all women have endometriosis. Most of these women are not infertile.
30-40% of infertile women have endometriosis
Treatment for endometriosis associated with infertility needs to be individualised for each woman. There are no easy answers, and treatment decisions depend on factors such as the severity of the disease and its location in the pelvis, the age of the woman, length of infertility, and the presence of pain or other symptoms